The 16th Legion is known for its rough edged fighting ability a long with its stout and stubborn will that make them a potent threat on the field battle as focused, brutal and unrelenting foes to all that may oppose them. The final form of the legion originated with the elite legiones palatinae created by Diocletian and the Tetrarchs. It is for this reason that many of The 16th’s fellow Legions aspire to include at least some of the 16th’s many, what some consider, unorthodox traits that make up the Legion. See table in article "Auxiliaries (Roman military)" for compilation of this data. Before the emergence of international law, the Legion was free to enforce Roman dominance without limitation. Each legion was made up of about 5000 men recruited from the citizens. To date, about 50 have been identified. A typical legion of this period had 5,120 legionaries as well as a large number of camp followers, servants and slaves. Gaius Marius' reforms transformed legions into standing units, which could remain in being for several years, or even decades. This symbolises the 2nd Legion perfectly. The 17th Legion is solely devoted to the complete and utterly destruction of The Roman Empires Enemies without any cause for mercy or resistance. In the plural, the legions, it may mean the entire Roman army. The answer is simple, their undying loyalty, battle readiness, courageous acts of bravery and a skill with the art of warfare. SPQR was the "motto" and the official monogram of the Roman Republic, in the same way that "US" or "USA" represents the United States. pp 123. It was roughly equivalent to the modern word division. Currently nicknamed the “Eagles Legion” to symbolise their honourable and proud stance as one of the Emperors finest Legions they have a firm belief in the greater good of their actions, ready to take needed sacrifices to better serve and protect The Roman Empire, with no cost being too great in their eyes. Most military commanders of the day simply had their troops rush wildly at the enemy, relying on superior numbers, better soldiers, or luck to carry the day. But beyond impressive architecture and grand military traditions, some eminent Romans also boasted fascinating philosophical notions. This unusual appreciation for artistic battle mentalities has proven worth its while as whenever faced with a challenge the 18th responds in a calm and precise manner, enabling them to swiftly deal with the challenge efficiently and with minimal losses. This prompted consul Gaius Marius to remove property qualifications and decree that all citizens, regardless of their wealth or social class, were made eligible for service in the Roman army with equipment and rewards for fulfilling 6 years of service provided by the state. Rome's early period is undocumented and shrouded in myths, but those myths tell that during the rule of Servius Tullius, the census (from Latin: censeō – accounting of the people) was introduced. The cohorts came to form the basic tactical unit of the legions. Legions are comprised of 5,000 soldiers of varying ranks and are led by a Legionary Commander or by a General of whatever Province they are currently stationed in. They were also allocated to static bases with permanent castra legionaria (legionary fortresses). With a fiery loyalty for what they believe in and a hate for those who dare raise a question of Roman superiority, the 11th Legion has made its name for being a devoted Legion to the cause of spreading Rome’s influence far and wide, with no nation or boarder being to high or powerful to receive it. Legion, a military organization, originally the largest permanent organization in the armies of ancient Rome. Adding to this mindset is the belief that glory is attainable only through total victory; viewing cowardice as a high crime they enforce strict discipline to encourage honourable and brave behaviour. Normally, this was because any legion incapable of regaining its eagle in battle was so severely mauled that it was no longer effective in combat.[13]. In addition to attacking cities and fortifications, these would be used to help defend Roman forts and fortified camps (castra) as well. The biggest engagement the legion encountered was in Galicia. In Gallic War (Bk IV, Para. This has stained their history with the reputation of having a decisive and sometimes savage way of dominating those that are unfortunate enough to engage in combat with them. Because of this they have a close link with The Fifth Legion, who also suffered at the hands of betrayal yet not nearly as much as the 8th Legion. Beside streamlining the army, Augustus also regulated the soldiers' pay. They do not fear death, rather, they view it as a glorious possibility in the service to there beloved Empire. The names also suggest that many new legions were formed from vexillationes or from old legions. Because legions were not permanent units until the Marian reforms (c. 107 BC), and were instead created, used, and disbanded again, several hundred legions were named and numbered throughout Roman history. The seniority of the pilus prior centurions was followed by the five other century commanders of the first cohort, who were known as primi ordines. The Roman army became a volunteer, professional and standing army which extended service beyond Roman citizens but also to non-citizens who could sign on as auxillia (auxiliaries) and were rewarded Roman citizenship upon completion of service and all the rights and privileges that entailed. Ranking within the legion was based on length of service, with the senior Centurion commanding the first century of the first cohort; he was called the primus pilus (First Spear), and reported directly to the superior officers (legates and tribuni). This was considered a great honour and would bring the recipient much prestige. Caesers 2nd Legion is a Legion quite different to that of Caesers Legion (1st Legion). The legion had a bull as its symbol (as did pretty much every legion formed under Julius Caesar). He also created the Praetorian Guard along with a permanent navy where served the liberti, or freed slaves. Their current nickname, Devils Legion, became much more widely known once The Roman Empire accepted Christianity as a religion. Following the reforms of the general Marius in the 2nd century BC, the legions took on the second, narrower meaning that is familiar in the popular imagination as close-order citizen heavy infantry. They are renowned for their stone like will and sly tactics but also for their rationality and wisdom. Wars with Carthage and the Parthians and most notably, the campaigns against. Formations of the Legion. Since the legion’s cognomen (third or nickname) “Gallica” seemingly originates from the word Gaul, it is assumed that most of the Gallica recruits must have been from Gaul. In the Later Roman Empire, the number of legions was increased and the Roman Army expanded. The influence of Roman military and civic culture, as embodied particularly in the heavy infantry legion, gave the Roman military consistent motivation and cohesion. The 18th Legion is a fine example of Roman Military might and splendour. 4 foot 11 inches was the minimum height. An important fact to bear in mind is the division between the legionaries and the Auxilia. Now the cohorts were ten permanent units, composed of 6 centuries and in the case of the first cohort 5 double strength centuries each led by a centurion assisted by an optio. From 104 BC onwards, each legion used an aquila (eagle) as its standard symbol. In the first years of the Republic, when warfare was mostly concentrated on raiding, it is uncertain if the full manpower of the legions was summoned at any one time. The Roman Legion Roman (753 B.C.-400 A.D.) Historical Essay. A legion was formed of 10 Cohorts (540 men in each Cohort). The Roman legion was the largest military unit of the Roman army. When corrupt Roman leader Tiberius arrives with a giant army to claim the Silk Road, Huo An teams up his army with an elite Legion of defected Roman soldiers led by General Lucius to protect his country and his new friends. Strict, and more importantly, uniform discipline made commanding, maintaining, and replacing Roman legionaries a much more consistent exercise. According to the late Roman writer Vegetius' De Re Militari, each century had a ballista and each cohort had an onager, giving the legion a formidable siege train of 59 Ballistae and 10 Onagers, each manned by 10 libritors (artillerymen) and mounted on wagons drawn by oxen or mules. Toward the end of the 2nd century BC, Rome started to experience manpower shortages brought about by property and financial qualifications to join the army. Totals from summary of Notitia Dignitatum in Richardot, Philippe, CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (, Learn how and when to remove this template message, List of Roman legions of the early Empire, Roman military decorations and punishments, "Greco-Macedonian influences in the manipular Legion system", "The Histories of Polybius: Fragments of Book VI p.357", "It's totally fine to use 'decimate' as a synonym for 'devastate'. Data in: Goldsworthy, Adrian (2003). To date, about 50 have been identified. (1995): The Beginnings of Rome. In hoc signo taurus vinces: under the sign of the bull you will win; an adaptation of the Roman Emperor Constantine the Great's motto "In hoc signo vinces" incorporating the symbol of the Caesar's Legion, meaning that only those under the banner of the Caesar's Legion will win. 86–96; Elton, Hugh (1996). The expanding early Roman Republic found the Greek phalanx formation too As a reference to the Roman Legions, a better book could not be asked for. In terms of organisation and function, the republican era legion may have been influenced by the ancient Greek and Macedonian phalanx. In the period before the raising of the legio and the early years of the Roman Kingdom and the Republic, forces are described as being organized into centuries of roughly one hundred men. The Ninth Legion, a name all of Rome knows and most likely for all the wrong reasons. There would also be a group of officers for the medical staff, the engineers, record-keepers, the praefectus castrorum (commander of the camp) and other specialists such as priests and musicians. Many legionaries became devotees in the cult of the minor goddess Disciplina, whose virtues of frugality, severity and loyalty were central to their code of conduct and way of life. In the late republic and much of the imperial period (from about 100 BC), a legion was divided into ten cohorts, each of six (or five) centuries. 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